Category: EU

EU Advocate General considers Bulgaria’s refusal to exempt dividends paid to a Gibraltar companies from withholding tax

The Advocate General (AG) in an opinion issued 24 October (Case C-458/18) stated that a company incorporated in Gibraltar and subject to Gibraltar corporation tax cannot be considered to be a “company of a Member State” within the meaning of the parent-subsidiary directive (Directive 2011/96). ... - Continue reading

EU Council revises its tax blacklist, addresses “two out of three” exception and foreign source income exemption regimes

As suggested by the EU Code of Conduct Group (Business Taxation), on 4 October, the EU Council today adopted a revised EU list of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions (annex I – blacklist) removing the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the Marshall Islands. ... - Continue reading

The Fiat and Starbucks state aid tax cases: an absolute loss for legal certainty.

In late September, the EU General Court released its decisions in two long-awaited state aid appeals: Fiat (cases T-755/15 Luxembourg v Commission and T-759/15 Fiat Chrysler Finance Europe v Commission) and Starbucks (cases T-760/15 Netherlands v. Commission and T-636/16 Starbucks and Starbucks Manufacturing Emea v. Commission). ... - Continue reading

Accidental Americans’ sue France over FATCA disclosure rules

A group representing French-American taxpayers  has filed a complaint against France with the European Commission over its compliance with the US Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA), in a bid to avoid being blacklisted by French banks starting in January. France is a signatory to an agreement to give the… – Continue reading

EU court backs use of arm’s length principle to assess Starbucks, Fiat APAs for state aid violation

The EU General Court today released long-awaited rulings in the Fiat and Starbucks tax state aid cases, concluding in both decisions that it is appropriate for the European Commission to assess whether an advance pricing agreement (APA) confers a selective advantage to a taxpayer for state aid purposes by referring to the arm’s length principle. ... - Continue reading

EU Commission to investigate 39 Belgium “excess profit” tax rulings for potential State aid violations

The European Commission today announced that it has opened 39 in-depth investigations to assess whether Belgian “excess profit” tax rulings granted to multinationals between 2005 and 2014 provided benefits that are contrary to EU State aid rules. ... - Continue reading

US-born British citizen launches crowdfunding campaign to stop FATCA

A US-born British citizen has started a crowdfunding campaign to stop HMRC sharing her personal information with the US Internal Revenue Service (IRS) under the US Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA). Law firm Mishcon de Reya has taken on the UK case for a client who alleges HMRC is… – Continue reading

EU anti-money laundering blacklist to be revisited

Next month, the European Union will revamp its methodology for compiling its anti-money laundering blacklist, after a previous list was blocked by EU governments that objected to the listing of Saudi Arabia and four US overseas territories, EU Commissioner for Justice Vera Jourova told the Financial Times recently.“We have admitted… – Continue reading

ICAB happy with Barbados’ removal from the EU’s blacklist

Barbados’ removal from the European Union’s (EU) blacklist has been welcomed by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Barbados (ICAB). During her welcome remarks at the 15th Annual ICAB International Business Workshop, at the Barbados Hilton Resort, ICAB’s Executive Director, Kathy-Ann Hewitt, stated: “We are indeed happy that this change… – Continue reading

European Union: The Increasing Link Drawn By Regulators Between State Aid & Taxation Systems

In 2018, the European Commission (EC) concluded two more investigations into whether the tax ruling practices of Member States breached European Union (EU) State aid rules: the first, a finding of unlawful State aid resulting from tax rulings by Luxembourg in favor of Engie; the second, a rare finding of no aid in respect of the treatment by Luxembourg of McDonald's under the Luxembourg-U.S. double taxation treaty. These decisions are discussed below. ... - Continue reading

Luxembourg: Luxembourg Starts The Implementation Of ATAD 2

On 8 August, the draft law (the "draft law") implementing the EU Directive 2017/952 of 29 May 2017 ("ATAD 2") amending Directive (EU) 2016/1164 laying down rules against tax avoidance practices that directly affect the functioning of the internal market (the so-called Anti-Tax-Avoidance-Directive, "ATAD") was presented to Parliament. ... - Continue reading

Luxembourg: Luxembourg Government Submits Bill To Parliament Implementing The EU Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive 2 Into Domestic Law

Luxembourg corporate income taxpayers, including Luxembourg permanent establishments of foreign entities, will be subject to the Draft Law as from 1 January 2020. In addition, provisions targeting reverse hybrid mismatches will be applicable to Luxembourg transparent partnerships that would be treated as opaque by their nonresident owners as from 1 January 2022. ... - Continue reading

The latest APA and MAP figures in Europe: what are the implications for multinational group taxpayers?

Statistics published earlier this week by the European Commission on member state advance pricing agreement (APA) and mutual agreement procedure (MAP) programs suggest that the OECD/G20 base erosion profit shifting (BEPS) project has increased the scope for differences of opinion between tax authorities of different countries. ... - Continue reading

Denmark must adopt EU controlled foreign company tax rules, Commission says

The EU Commission on July 25 decided to send a reasoned opinion to Denmark for its failure to communicate to Commission rules implementing controlled foreign company (CFC) rules required by the EU anti-tax avoidance directive (Council Directive (EU) 2016/1164 or ATAD). ... - Continue reading

European Union: Dutch Implementation Proposal On EU Anti-Hybrid Measures

On July 2, 2019, the Dutch government published the legislative proposal implementing the EU Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive II (ATAD II) that was adopted on May 29, 2017. The ATAD II mandates EU Member States to implement rules that target hybrid mismatches by January 1, 2020 (specific sections by January 1, 2022). ... - Continue reading

Gibraltar and UK Open Negotiations to Enter into a Double Tax Agreement

The Government of Gibraltar has said it is delighted to welcome Robert Jenrick, Exchequer Secretary to Her Majesty’s Treasury, to Gibraltar to announce that HMGoG and Her Majesty’s Government have opened negotiations to enter into a Double Tax Agreement. It is anticipated that with hard work on both sides a… – Continue reading

Taiwan to join anti-tax evasion program CRS

Taiwan expected to share financial information with Japan and Australia in 2020 TAIPEI (Taiwan News) – Taiwan is expected to exchange financial information with a number of countries in September of next year as part of the Common Reporting Standard (CRS) program designed to combat tax evasion. Developed by the… – Continue reading

Taiwan to join anti-tax evasion program CRS

Taiwan expected to share financial information with Japan and Australia in 2020 TAIPEI (Taiwan News) – Taiwan is expected to exchange financial information with a number of countries in September of next year as part of the Common Reporting Standard (CRS) program designed to combat tax evasion. Developed by the… – Continue reading

Dominica removed from EU tax haven blacklist

The European Union has removed the Caribbean island of Dominica from its list of uncooperative jurisdictions in tax matters. Dominica changed its tax rules to comply with EU requirements meant to reduce the risks of tax evasion, the EU said in a statement. Dominica implemented its commitments and addressed EU… – Continue reading

Oman to introduce Common Reporting Standards

Muscat: Oman, in line with its commitment to align itself with international best practices in tackling cross-border tax evasion and meeting the standards set by the European Union (EU) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), is currently in the process of issuing regulations for automatic exchange of… – Continue reading

Luxembourg: Tax Dispute Resolution Mechanism

The Bill of Law 7431 (“Bill”) introduced by the Luxembourg government on 11 April 2019 implements the European Union (“EU”) Directive 2017/1852 dated 17 October 2017 on tax dispute resolution mechanisms in the EU (the “Directive”). The Directive meets the BEPS Action Plan 14 minimum standards and is a subsidiary… – Continue reading

British overseas territories top corporate tax loophole index

Governments are stepping up efforts to recoup more tax from multinationals, with the European Commission forcing iPhone maker Apple to repay 13 billion euros after it used Ireland to cut its tax on European profits to almost zero. The Tax Justice Network, a group campaigning for transparency, said its study… – Continue reading

Pakistan, Bulgaria sign double taxation treaty

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan and Bulgaria on Tuesday signed an agreement to get rid of double taxation and cooperate in preventing tax evasion as a state delegation from the European Union member country concluded its two days visit. The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) Director General and Deputy Minister of Economy Bulgaria… – Continue reading

Africa’s problem with tax avoidance

Every year African countries lose at least $50 million in taxes — more than the amount of foreign development aid. So where is it all going and how can multinational companies be held to account? NGOs continue to raise the alarm. African countries are being cheated out of billions in… – Continue reading

EU passes legislation protecting whistleblowers to encourage wrongdoing

Whistleblowers across the European Union have won greater protection under landmark legislation aimed at encouraging reports of wrongdoing. The new law, approved by the European Parliament on Tuesday, shields whistleblowers from retaliation. It also creates “safe channels” to allow them to report breaches of EU law. It is the first… – Continue reading