Category: Hybrids

Luxembourg Tax Alert 2016-02

January 2016 You will find below a summary of some of the most important tax developments that have happened since the release of our last newsletter, at OECD, EU or country level, in the area of tax transparency and the fight against tax avoidance. EU – Tax transparency and anti-BEPS...

Dutch tax treatment of Brazilian ‘interest on equity’ payments as of 2016

On 15 September 2015, the Dutch government released its budget for 2016, containing the Tax Plan 2016, which includes certain amendments to Dutch tax law. One of the proposed amendments was the inclusion of an anti-hybrid rule in the Dutch participation exemption regime (“PER”). On 22 December 2015, the amendments...

BEPS Action Plan 2: Neutralizing the effects of hybrid mismatch arrangements

Hybrid mismatch arrangements are the focus of the 2-part Action Plan 2 of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD’s) Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) initiative. Hybrid Mismatch Arrangements abuse differences in the tax treatment of an instrument (i.e., a hybrid instrument) or an entity (i.e., a hybrid...

UK releases Finance Bill clauses and consultation documents

Executive summary On 9 December 2015, the UK released draft clauses for Finance Bill 2016 as well as consultation documents. The key items released include: A new requirement for large businesses to publish their tax strategies as they relate to or affect UK taxation. This sits alongside new ‘special measures’...

UK – HMRC publishes a policy paper titled: “Corporation Tax: anti-hybrid rules” (Action 2 of the BEPS Action Plan)

On December 9, 2015 the UK HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) published a policy paper titled: “Corporation Tax: anti-hybrid rules”. Next to publishing the policy paper the UK Government also announces that on December 22, 2015 a series of examples illustrating the application of the hybrid mismatch rules will be...

EU Ministers Agree Initial EU BEPS Response

The European Union’s Economic and Financial Affairs Council agreed a work plan in response to the OECD’s base erosion and profit shifting recommendations at its meeting on December 8. Following the meeting, ECOFIN – comprised of finance and economy ministers from all member states – released a list of agreed...

NETHERLANDS: ADVANCE TAX RULINGS; CHANGES POSSIBLE BEFORE APRIL 2016

A Ministry of Finance decree published on 11 November 2015 provides follow-up guidance concerning advanced tax rulings issued by the Dutch tax administration. BACKGROUND Adopted in July 2014, an amendment to the EU Parent-Subsidiary Directive addresses mismatches resulting from hybrid financing, and involves the inclusion of an anti-hybrid provision. Under...

UK: Consultation Over Fixed Cap On UK Tax Deductibility Of Corporate Interest Expense: Plucking The Feather In The Cap?

The UK Government launched a consultation on 22 October 2015 regarding the UK corporate tax rules for interest deductibility. The consultation seeks views on the design of a general limitation for UK corporation tax deductions for interest and similar finance costs, imposing a capcalculated by reference to a fixed percentage...

Strategic resets under new MAP and APA revenue procedures

Introduction The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently replaced Revenue Procedure 2006-54 for requesting assistance under the mutual agreement procedure (MAP) article of US tax treaties, and Revenue Procedure 2006-9 for requesting advance pricing agreements (APAs). New Revenue Procedures 2015-40 and 2015-41 largely track draft procedures issued in 2013 (Notices 2013-78...

Your Taxes: OECD starts the BEPS tax revolution

Israeli importers and exporters, hi-tech and trading groups will all be in the base erosion and profit shifting firing line. On October 5 the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development published a final comprehensive package of measures aimed at multinational corporations, large and small, that engage in BEPS – base...

Swiss Government Welcomes BEPS Recommendations

The Swiss Government has tasked the Finance Ministry with responding to the OECD’s recommendations on base erosion and profit shifting. Welcoming the OECD’s proposals, the Council said: “In general, the project outcomes will allow for [the] better coordination of international tax law rules and make it possible to close the...

United States: The Final OECD BEPS Tome Has Arrived

Remarkably on schedule, the OECD this week issued a comprehensive and integrated set of measures to attack base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) on a global basis. Comprising 15 “Actions” on central issues such as transfer pricing, country-by-country reporting and transfer pricing documentation, treaty abuse, preferential tax regimes, permanent establishments,...

Canada: International Tax Reform 2015-BEPS Final Reports

On October 5, 2015, the OECD released its final reports relating to the OECD/G20 base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) project (the Final Reports). The BEPS project began in 2013 and has received unprecedented attention from governments and the private sector. The Final Reports outline the OECD’s recommendations and the...

Luxembourg bill of law introduces EU anti-hybrid and anti-abuse rules and horizontal fiscal unity

In light of the global Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) initiative and the European developments against tax evasion and aggressive tax planning, two European Directives were adopted in July 2014 and January 20151 by the European Council, amending the Parent-Subsidiary Directive (2011/96/EU). These two Directives, in a nutshell, aim...

“Delaware LLCs and UK Entity Classification: The Fallout From the Curious Case of George Anson”

Fundamental to any developed tax policy is knowing who the taxpayer is (or should be) with respect to any particular transaction. Although that can be relatively straightforward in purely domestic situations, a cross-border dimension can present different answers to this question in the jurisdictions involved and lead to issues over...

International tax update- August 2015

United Kingdom Budget The Chancellor of the Exchequer delivered his Summer Budget to the United Kingdom (UK) Parliament on 8 July 2015. A number of personal, corporate and indirect tax-related measures were announced in the Budget including a reduced corporate tax rate; introduction of a bank corporation tax surcharge; a...

Canada: Interest Deductibility In Canada: What’s The Fuss?

This article deals with the manner in which Canada has complicated, and rendered controversial, what in most other countries is straightforward — the deductibility of business related interest expense. The reasons to write about it are threefold: the almost-concurrent issuance of the Canada Revenue Agency’s administrative views on the matter...

UK consults to provide insurance Tier 1 tax clarity

The UK’s tax authority has launched a consultation to provide certainty around the tax treatment of new types of insurance capital, reports IFR Asia. The government said as part of the 2014 Budget that it would make regulations to ensure that insurers’ Solvency II instruments, that are issued in the...

Focus on the silver lining

The news that Royal Bank of Canada plans to sell its wealth management services in Barbados no doubt caused some people to question the island’s future as a major centre for this type of business. After all, if the biggest player is leaving the field, what might this say to...

Joe Hockey to move on fraud, identity crime and tax avoidance

Canberra is planning a major assault on high-end financial crime through the establishment of a new Serious Financial Crime Taskforce drawing on the nation’s major law enforcement, business, and taxation regulators, and provided with $127.6 million over four years to secure criminal convictions. The move, which will be outlined in...

BEPS – Historic Reforms

The OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project is changing the international tax landscape by building a new international consensus on how to tackle BEPS. In September 2014, the first seven of the deliverables under the 15-point BEPS Action Plan were presented to G20 Finance Ministers when they met...

G20 tax symposium on BEPS set for Istanbul

Turkey is to host a G20 international tax symposium next month to discuss developments to address Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) and the exchange of information between tax administrations The event, organised by Turkish Ministry of Finance, also aims to ensure that developing and low-income countries benefit from the...

OECD launches tax avoidance mandatory disclosure plan

AS PART of its Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project, the OECD has launched a public consultation on Action 12 – the mandatory disclosure of tax avoidance strategies by multinational companies. The 83-page draft document provides examples of various disclosure regimes in place in member countries, setting out recommendations...

Neutralizing the effects of Hybrid Mismatch Arrangements

IN THIS second installment of the series on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) 2014 deliverables, we will discuss the recommendations of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on how to neutralize the effects of Hybrid Mismatch Arrangements. A Hybrid Mismatch Arrangement refers to an arrangement whereby companies,...

Recent progress in the OECD’s BEPS project

Within the framework of the BEPS (Base Erosion and Profit Shifting) action plan, adopted in July 2013, on last September 16, the OECD published its first recommendations in the form of reports on 7 of the 15 points of the action plan: Address the tax challenges of the digital economy...

The OECD’s BEPS Action Plan poses immediate challenges for oil and gas companies

Already on the radar of governments and regulatory bodies around the world, recent developments with respect to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Action Plan are raising further the profile of oil and gas companies globally with both tax authorities and the...

A two-minute nutshell on the UK’s proposed “Google Tax” – the “diverted profits tax” or “DPT”

The UK is proposing to introduce a unilateral, non-OECD co-ordinated anti-BEPS provision, referred to in the media as the “Google Tax”, with effect from 1 April 2015. The draft provision is very complex, and it will be time consuming to assess its potential impact on many common cross-border business structures....

Will a Sponge Tax Soak Up BEPS Concerns?

As the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) passes the halfway point in its joint project with the G20 to address base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) concerns, it is worth pausing to examine what the consequences of some of the proposed changes may be. Much of the focus...

Cayman begins to see a rise in hybrid funds

UBS Fund Services has had one of its strongest years in terms of winning new clients according to Monette Windsor (pictured), who heads up the Cayman Islands business.   “We’ve invested heavily in our business development team this year and we’ve had to beef up our client onboarding team. We have 165...

The OECD action plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

IN TAX, the latest global buzzword is “BEPS” or base erosion and profit shifting. BEPS refers to the practice of multinational corporations (MNCs) of shifting profits from high tax jurisdictions to low tax jurisdictions as a tax mitigation strategy. In February 2013, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)...

UK: Taxation Of Multinationals – UK Government Announcements Related To The G20/OECD Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Initiative

The Chancellor reaffirmed the Government’s continued support for the OECD’s work on base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) and modernisation of the international framework for taxing multinational companies. Measures in relation to three specific areas are announced – a consultation on hybrid mismatches and the introduction of the OECD’s proposals...

United Kingdom – Hybrid mismatch arrangements consultation, other BEPS-related focus

December 3:  The UK government today issued items that focus on multinational corporations and follow the OECD’s base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) action plan—one issuance being a consultation document concerning hybrid mismatch arrangements, and the other being the Autumn Statement 2014 that includes provisions relating to country-by-country reporting, the...

Canada: The BEPS Deliverables: A Macro Critique

What unites the dates February 12, 2013, July 19, 2013, and September 16, 2014? They are the key dates to this point in the OECD’s crusade against base erosion and profit shifting, which will be remembered either as a well-coordinated campaign against abusive tax avoidance by large multinational enterprises, or...

Base erosion and profit shifting – a South African perspective

The concept of base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) has been debated at various international forums following discussions at the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meeting and the G20 Heads of State summit in Russia last year. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD) BEPS Action Plan...

Clampdown on tax avoidance

By closing the tax gap, South Africa can reap billions of rands to benefit the economy. A global crackdown on tax avoidance has begun and South Africa is forging ahead in a bid to tackle wealthy individuals and corporates who practise this tactic. The initiative is better poised to succeed...

Base Erosion and Profit Shifting: The Australian Perspective

Background In July 2013, the G20 Finance Ministers, including Australia, fully endorsed the base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) Action Plan. As a result of the Action Plan, the Australian government encouraged a new commitment to focus resources on investigating international business structures to ensure companies pay tax in the...

German Federal Fiscal Court decides on treatment of hybrid entities under the German-US double taxation treaty 14 November 2014

Hybrid entities have long been a tool for corporate tax planning. While tax authorities have fought the use of such hybrid mismatches for tax planning purposes, national efforts to prevent the use of hybrid mismatches have not proven to be very efficient, explain Michael Graf and Timothy Santoli, of Dentons...