Category: Nigeria

Tax avoidance: how it works and how to stop it

The Panama Papers have put the spotlight on tax avoidance once again. This is, of course, not a new issue. Before that, we had Swiss Leaks and BVI Leaks. You may be asking: how does tax avoidance work and why have policymakers struggled to rein it in? Firstly, it is… – Continue reading

Double Taxation Avoidance Bill passes second reading at House of Reps

The quest by the President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration to improve the ease of doing business in Nigeria and diversify the nation’s economy on Wednesday received a boost. This followed the passage of “a Bill for an Act to Provide for the Domestication and Enforcement in Nigeria of the Avoidance of… – Continue reading

Tax havens accuse US of ‘hypocrisy’ over tax avoidance

A group of tax havens have accused larger countries like the United States of “hypocrisy” when it comes to cracking down on tax avoidance. With the issue of offshore finance high on the agenda in light of the fall out from the so-called Panama Papers scandal, world leaders convened in… – Continue reading

Communications Tax: Experts Decry New Burden On Industry

In the last few weeks, a proposed communications service tax which sought to tax voice calls, SMS, MMS, Data and Pay TV used by subscribers has dominated the telecommunications space since it was presented as a bill before the national assembly with Nigerians describing it as another way of exploiting… – Continue reading

Mauritius lead in Zim investments

MAURITIUS has emerged as the biggest source of investment into Zimbabwe, accounting for projects worth $4,56 billion in the past five years. According to statistics released at an investment strategic meeting in Harare this week, a ZBCtv report indicated Mauritius was leading in terms of investments into the country while… – Continue reading

Double taxation avoidance treaty with Qatar: What is in it for Nigeria?

The federal government of Nigeria and Qatar have signed an agreement for the avoidance of double taxation on income and capital gains for investments between the two countries. In addition to the elimination of double taxation on business income, similar treaties between Nigeria and other countries provide for a lower… – Continue reading

Kenya: Treasury Defends Controversial Mauritius Tax Agreement

Treasury is still fighting to keep a tax agreement out of parliament after a lobby group sued them over a pact it signed with Mauritius back in 2012. The double taxation avoidance agreement allows firms registered in the two countries to pay taxes in only one country. It also allows… – Continue reading

31 nations sign agreement on exchange of country-by-country transfer pricing reports

In an effort to provide their tax administrations with more tools to combat corporate tax avoidance through transfer pricing, officials from 31 countries today signed an agreement setting out the parameters for automatic exchange of country-by-country reports on large multinational corporations. The agreement — the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement on… – Continue reading

Nigeria signs double tax treaty with United Arab Emirates

As part of the ongoing visit by President Muhammadu Buhari to the United Arab Emirates (UAE), both countries today signed six agreements on Trade, Finance and Judicial Matters; Avoidance of Double Taxation; Trade Promotion and Protection; Judicial Agreements on Extradition, Transfer of Sentenced Persons; Mutual Legal Assistance on Criminal Matters;… – Continue reading

LCCI, KPMG Task Govt On VAT Increase

The Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) yesterday said there was a need to boost the nation’s internally generated revenue through higher consumption tax. The Director-General of LCCI, Mr Muda Yusuf, told newsmen in Lagos that emphasis on tax revenue generation should shift to consumption tax. He suggested that… – Continue reading

Nigerian transfer pricing regulations: Any safe harbour?

The Nigerian Transfer Pricing (TP) Regulations officially known as Income Tax (Transfer Pricing) Regulations No 1, 2012 regulates transactions between connected taxable persons (controlled transactions). The regulation seeks to ensure that transactions among connected taxable persons are carried on at arm’s length. Applying the arm’s length principle to controlled transactions… – Continue reading

Nigeria: A Review of the Major Tax and Fiscal Policy Events in the Past Year

The year 2015 will be marked as the year of slow economic growth and haphazard fiscal and monetary policies due in part to the uncertainties brought about by the change in government. There were also leadership changes at the FIRS and a number of state tax authorities. This article outlines… – Continue reading

Nigeria: Closing The ‘Tax Gap’ – Will Creative Incentives Improve Compliance?

Several ‘brief-case’ professionals, well accomplished sole proprietors and very important personalities all go around earning millions of Naira in income but paying no tax Tax gap is used here to refer to the difference between taxes collected by government and what could ideally be collectible. Without a doubt, the gap… – Continue reading

Corruption in Ukraine: US threatens to cut off aid

United States Vice President Joe Biden has never been one to hold his tongue. He certainly didn’t in his recent trip to Kiev. In a speech before Ukraine’s Parliament, Biden told legislators that corruption was eating Ukraine “like a cancer,” and warned Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko that Ukraine had “one… – Continue reading

Two Little Known Tax Treaties Will Lead to Substantially More Identity Theft, Crime, Industrial Espionage, and Suppression of Political Dissidents

The Protocol amending the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters will lead to substantially more transnational identity theft, crime, industrial espionage, financial fraud, and the suppression of political opponents and religious or ethnic minorities by authoritarian and corrupt governments. It puts Americans’ private financial information at risk…. – Continue reading

Spain and Finland sign new treaty to avoid double taxation and to fight tax fraud

Given that the latest treaty was signed on 15 November 1967, the two countries felt it was appropriate to revise it in full. The new treaty, signed on Tuesday by the Spanish Ambassador to Finland, María Jesús Figa, and the Finnish Minister for Finance, Alexander Stubb, seeks to enable tax… – Continue reading

Nigeria: Pricing Of Intangible Property (“IP”) Rights In Nigeria – Why Commercial, Fiscal And Currency Control Interests Must Align

A review of Nigeria’s present fiscal and currency control regimes as they relate to commercial and industrial IP rights become imperative in order to give impetus to government’s efforts towards reviving and diversifying the country … Prior to the introduction of the Income Tax (Transfer pricing) Regulations on 2 August,… – Continue reading

SA ranks higher than Nigeria in illicit outflows

SOUTH Africa ranks seventh among developing countries in terms of illicit financial outflows, a Washington-based research organisation has found. Illicit outflows from the country are of great concern to the Treasury, which has introduced a number of measures to curb it, particularly the outflows achieved through profit shifting by large… – Continue reading

Transfer Pricing Documentation in a Post-BEPS World

“It is not the strongest or the most intelligent who will survive but those who can best manage change”-Charles Darwin The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) released its final recommendations on the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project on October 5, 2015. The BEPS project consist of… – Continue reading


Multinationals operating in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda will be among the first in Africa to feel the impact of new measures to be adopted in January to curb tax losses caused by manipulation of contracts between related companies. The three countries together with Nigeria, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Botswana and… – Continue reading

East Africa: New Reporting Code for Mncs Could Save Africa $35b

East African countries expect to collect more revenue under a new code drawn, by the world’s richest economies to stop foreign multinationals from dodging taxes in host countries. The new code — Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) — adopted by G20 at its meeting in Turkey two weeks ago,… – Continue reading

Kenya and South Africa tax deal takes effect in January

The Kenya-South Africa double taxation agreement comes into force from January 1. An announcement in the November 19, South African government gazette says the agreement applies for taxes withheld at source. “A resident of Kenya will not be taxed on any South African business profits, unless it carries on business… – Continue reading

N/Assembly to domesticate all pending Treaties, MoUs- Dogara

Abuja – The speaker of the House of Representatives, Rt. Hon Yakubu Dogara, yesterday reiterated the resolve of the legislature to domesticate all pending treaties, memoranda of understanding and agreements that will bring benefit to Nigerians. Dogara said this while speaking to a Korean delegation that paid him a courtesy… – Continue reading

Europe’s money-laundering machine: still spinning

When the first flames of the Arab Spring began to burn, a Tunisia suffering from decades of mismanagement, inequality and abuse broke free from under the long reign of Zine Al-Abidine Ben Ali. As the government fell and the turmoil in the country spread across the region, the sheer scale… – Continue reading


Nigeria’s tax authority—the Federal Inland Revenue Service—has incorporated into its tax audit procedures certain of the recommendations included in the OECD’s base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) project. For instance, the tax authority is scrutinizing transactions between Nigerian subsidiaries and their foreign related parties, especially those related parties located in… – Continue reading

KPMG Tasks Firms on Tax Compliance

KPMG Professional Services has stressed the need for companies operating in Nigeria to always pay their tax as required by law in order to improve business performance and create shareholder value. The professional services firm made this call at a press conference to announce the launch of its survey report… – Continue reading

Nigeria: Reputational Risk Facing Multinational Enterprises Emanating From Transfer Pricing Practices

A number of multinational companies have been in the news recently for alleged tax malpractices. Various countries which are facing budget deficits are convinced that additional tax revenues can be collected, especially from multinational companies. What is it all about? A business typically faces many risks. A risk is the… – Continue reading

African leaders reject EU ‘charity’ over ‘investment’

Macky Sall, the Senegalese president, tells journalists on the sidelines of the Malta migrants summit that Africa would have no need of handouts if wealthy governments stopped multinationals avoiding legitimate taxation in their countries African leaders have rejected a European Union bid to curb migration with aid payments as “not… – Continue reading

Bermuda: Day Of The Deed

Article by Patrick W Martin and Ashley Fife With a net worth of USD77.1 billion, Mexican telecoms businessman Carlos Slim Helú was ranked the second richest person in the world in a 2015 survey.1 At the end of 2014, 16 of Mexico’s citizens were on Forbes’ billionaires list.2 As for… – Continue reading

Kenya: ‘Kenya Losing Billions to Tax Havens’

The government has been accused of opening a loophole that allows super rich individuals and multinational companies to avoid taxes. The Tax Justice Network (TJN), a lobby group, has sued the government over agreements, which it says are robbing Kenya of the ability to raise revenues domestically, driving the country… – Continue reading

INVESTIGATION: How MTN ships billions abroad, paying less tax in Nigeria

MTN has consistently prided itself as the foremost telephone company that is getting Nigerians talking the most. Now the South African company is about to set tongues wagging across networks with revelations that it has routinely been shipping billions of naira overseas to avoid paying its fair share of tax… – Continue reading

East Africa: Rwanda Taxman Moves to Catch Tax Evaders

Rwanda has commissioned an audit into recent merger and acquisition deals involving foreign firms in its latest effort to clamp down on tax avoidance among multinational corporations. This comes amid growing concern that multinational companies move profits from the countries where they are generated and, in so doing, reduce national… – Continue reading

BVI makes another bad list, promises action plan

The British Virgin Islands (BVI) said it is already committed to publishing an anti-money laundering action plan after another worrying report emerged; this time listing the territory among the top 10 countries to which identified United Kingdom criminal assets have been laundered. The BVI is actually the only Caribbean country… – Continue reading

MTN bullies SA with jobs threat

South Africa is allowing MTN potentially lucrative tax credits on money sent from its African operations to a letterbox company in Mauritius. Last week, amaBhungane and Finance Uncovered, a global reporting project, exposed how MTN’s African subsidiaries send billions in management fees to MTN International in Mauritius. The Mauritian entity… – Continue reading

Ramaphosa and MTN’s offshore stash

Emmanuel Mayah, Jeff Mbanga, Francis Kokutse and Nick Mathiason contributed to this joint investigation by the M&G Centre for Investigative Journalism (amaBhungane) and Finance Uncovered, a global reporting project involving journalists in 54 countries. Shortly after Cyril Ramaphosa left MTN to become South Africa’s deputy president last year, he lashed… – Continue reading

Uganda: How MTN Uganda’s Offshore Stash Sent URA On the Hunt

MTN Uganda has been accused of failing to provide evidence to justify shifting huge amounts of cash out of Uganda to a briefcase company located in Mauritius, potentially lowering its tax bill in Uganda – the subject of which remains an ongoing dispute with Uganda Revenue Authority, it has emerged…. – Continue reading

The rise of Europe’s unlikeliest tax haven

Two hundred miles off the coast of Morocco, the Canary Islands remainamong Spains farthest-flung territories, appearing as a few specks of volcanic rock against the endless Atlantic blue. Tourists roast on its beaches, and everything moves at a snails pace. That includes, unfortunately, the economy, which suffers from high unemploymentand… – Continue reading

New tax landscape imposes burdens on corporate entities –PwC report

A new report by global consulting outfit, Price¬waterhouseCoopers (PwC), released on Monday has indicated that expanding com¬pliance burden, more audits and the potential for increased and double taxation remain key hurdles facing companies due to the rapidly evolving global tax landscape. The report’s findings showed that the demand for greater… – Continue reading

Nigerian leader vows to address double taxation avoidance issue

NEW YORK, Sept. 28 (Yonhap) — Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has vowed to make efforts to quickly resolve the issue of double taxation avoidance with South Korea. South Korea and Nigeria signed a double taxation avoidance agreement in 2006 to help boost two-way investment and trade, though the West African… – Continue reading

Chevron tax filings challenged by US tax authorities, report says

Chevron’s tax filings face repeated challenges from the United States and other global tax authorities, according to a new union-backed report that calls on world governments to crack down on the energy giant’s alleged profit-shifting tactics. The world’s largest trade union body, the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), has called… – Continue reading

Nigeria’s Richest Woman Says Onshore Oil Taxation Too High

Nigeria’s 85 percent tax on onshore crude oil production is dissuading local investors from taking over assets from international oil companies, said Folorunso Alakija, an energy tycoon and the nation’s richest woman. Famfa Oil Ltd., founded in 1991 by Alakija, 64, has sought to acquire stakes in onshore oil fields,… – Continue reading

Nigeria: Seychelles-Nigeria Investment Forum Expected to Boost Trade Says Outgoing Nigerian High Commissioner to Seychelles

Victoria Seychelles — Promoting cooperation between African countries and increasing trade and industry have been the main focus of diplomatic work of the outgoing Nigerian High Commissioner to Seychelles, Solomon Akintola Oyateru, during his term in office. High Commissioner Oyateru made this statement in an interview with the press at… – Continue reading

NNPC’s new oil swap deal not transparent — Group

A civil society group focused on transparency in the oil and gas sector has criticized the interim Offshore Processing Agreement, OPA, between the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, NNPC, and three multinational trading companies to boost the supply of refined petroleum products in the country. The Africa Network for Environment and… – Continue reading

Tax collection in Africa rising

PRELIMINARY statistics on the 2015 African Capacity Report (ACR) released yesterday in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia showed that there were significant improvements in revenue collection over the last decade (2006-2015) in Nigeria and 44 other African countries. But despite the cheering news, the report said effective mobilisation of domestic resources in… – Continue reading